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HISTORY OF THE WHITE BROTHERHOOD IN BULGARIA

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HISTORY OF THE WHITE BROTHERHOOD IN BULGARIA
 

1897 - 1913

 

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On March 7, 1897 (according to the Julian Calendar), The Spirit of God descended onto the thirty three-year old Peter Konstantinov Deunov (born on July 11, 1864) while he was staying in Tetovo, a village in the region of Rousse. He was thirty-three at that time. By this act, the individual Peter Deunov was converted into The White Brotherhood Master Beinsa Douno. Shortly after that, all his followers, disciples and listeners began to call him The Master.

 

In 1897, the Society for Elevating the Religious Spirit of the Bulgarian People was founded. It held meetings and collected membership fees. The earliest preserved minutes of a society's meeting were taken on August 14, 1903 (according to the Julian calendar).

 

In 1898, The Master gave a lecture before the society "Mother" in Varna entitled "Call to My People, Bulgarian Sons of the Slavonic Family". This lecture was a call for social and spiritual self-determination.

 

In 1898, The Master began a correspondence from Varna and Novi Pazar with Penyo Kirov (1868-1918) and Todor Stoyanov/Stoimenov (1872-1952) both living in Bourgas and with Dr. Georgi Mirkovich (1875- 1950) living in Sliven. The earliest letter on record was for Penyo Kirov dated September 14, 1898 (according to the Julian calendar).

 

On April 6, 1900 (according to the Julian calendar), the first annual meeting of the White Brotherhood, known as The Meeting of the Chain, was held in Varna. Among the attendees were the Master's disciples Dr. Georgi Mirkovich, Penyo Kirov and Todor Stoimenov.

 

In November 1900, The Master provided The Good Prayer to his disciples.

 

From 1900 to 1942, The Master summoned the annual meetings of the White Brotherhood in August. From 1900 to 1908 they were held in Varna, from 1909 to 1912 and from 1918 to 1925 in Veliko Turnovo, from 1926 to 1929 and in 1933, 1936, and 1941 in Sofia, and in 1930 to 1932, 1935, and 1937 to 1939 at the Seven Rila Lakes. There were three meetings in 1940: on the mount Moussala, at the Seven Rila Lakes, and in Sofia, as well as two meetings in 1942: at the Seven Rila Lakes and in Sofia.

 

From 1901 to 1912, The Master visited many villages throughout Bulgaria, gave lectures, led discussions and carried out phrenological studies on selected Bulgarians. He thus created the synarchy Chain of the White Brotherhood in Bulgaria.

 

In July 1901, the Master set off on his first tour around Bulgaria, Varna being his point of departure and return. Bourgas was the first town that he visited.

 

In July and August, he visited the town of Yambol. Between August 14 and 20 (according to the Julian calendar), he stayed in Sliven.

 

In August and September, he visited Nova Zagora and Stara Zagora.

 

In September, he went to Plovdiv.

 

In December, he arrived in Sofia from the town of Tatar Pazardzik (now Pazardzik) and stayed there until April 1902.

 

In April 1902, The Master arrived in the town of Shoumen and gave three lectures in the 'St. Mikhail' town hall. The first lecture was given on April 21 (according to the Julian calendar).

 

In May 1902, he spent several days in the town of Rousse.

 

Later, The Master traveled to Veliko Turnovo where he met with Maria Kazakova (1852-1908). He had corresponded with her during 1900. The earliest preserved letter of hers was written on December 10, 1900.

 

The Master got back to Varna on May 30, 1902 (according to the Julian calendar).

 

In 1902, 'Videlina' magazine edited by Dr. Georgi Mirkovich was launched in Sliven. It was a sequel to the 'New Light' magazine that used to publish features on spiritism, hypnotism, magnetism, homeopathic medicine, and occult interpretations of Gospel texts.

 

In July 1902, The Master began his second round through Bulgaria, again with Varna as point of departure and return. This time, Novi Pazar was the first town he visited.

 

On August 1, 1902 (according to the Julian calendar), he traveled from Varna to Bourgas.

 

On August 29, 1902 (according to the Julian calendar), he arrived in Yambol and stayed at the America hotel.

 

On September 13, 1902 (according to the Julian calendar), he arrived in Sliven.

 

In October 1902, he visited Stara Zagora.

 

On October 31, 1902 (according to the Julian calendar), he arrived in Haskovo.

 

In November 1902, he visited Plovdiv and stayed at the Central hotel.

 

In December 1902, he spent ten days in Tatar Pazardzik.

 

On December 30, 1902 (according to the Julian calendar), he arrived in Sofia and stayed at the Rodina hotel in Banishora borough.

 

Early in 1903, The Master paid visits to the towns of Vratsa, Vidin, Svistov, and Lom and ended his Danube trip in the village of Somovit.

 

In April 1903, he visited Pleven.

 

In the early May 1903, he returned to Varna. On August 14, 1903 (according to the Julian calendar), the meeting of the Society for Enlightening the Bulgarian People's Spirit (the annual Meeting of the Chain) was held in room # 4 of the Boulevard hotel in Varna. According to the minutes, present were: Dr. Georgi Mirkovich from Sliven, Maria Kazakova from Veliko Turnovo, Todor Stoyanov/ Stoimenov, Penyo Kirov and Milkon Partomian from Bourgas, Peter K. Deunov and Anastasia Dr. Zhelezkova from Varna. They took the unanimous decision to start publishing spiritism phenomena in the 'Videlina' magazine. Peter K. Deunov (The Master) was appointed secretary and Maria Kazakova was appointed cashier of the Society.

 

In October 1903, The Master set off on his third tour around Bulgaria.

 

By the end of 1903, he visited the town of Silistra.

 

In January 1904, he arrived in Rousse.

 

Late in January 1904, he visited Veliko Turnovo and gave a lecture on phrenology in the 'Nadezhda' (Hope) club. He met with Konstantin Ilarionov (1868-1929) and Elena Ilarionova (1878-1946). His first letter to them was on December 7, 1904.

 

In May 1904, he returned to Varna.

 

By the end of September 1904, The Master set off on his fourth tour around Bulgaria. He went from Varna to Sofia where he was a gladly received guest in the house of Dimitar Golov (1863-1917). Later he established himself in the house of Gina and Petko Goumnerov at 66 Opaltchenska Street. His address for correspondence was at the book shop owned by Dimitar Golov.

 

In 1904, The Master gave his first public lecture from the series of his Word in Sofia, in the house at 66 'Opaltchenska' Street. Some of the following lectures were shorthanded by Petko Goumnerov and Dimitar Golov.

 

In April 1905, The Master stayed in Rousse.

 

In September 1905, he stayed in Plovdiv. Letters were mailed to him at the 'Ivan Ignatov' bookstore.

After Plovdiv, he visited Nova Zagora, Stara Zagora, Kazanlak, Kalofer and Hisarya.

On September 29, 1905 (according to the Julian calendar), Dr. Mirkovich came to the end of his days on earth.

 

In April 1906, a correspondence began between The Master and Nikola Vatev (1873-1957) from Rousse, who was going to become the leader of the White Brotherhood in town.

On August 10, 1906 (according to the Julian calendar), The Master went from Sofia to Varna and on August 11, he opened the annual Meeting of the Chain. It was held for five days in the house of Anastasia Dr. Zhelezkova. According to the minutes, ten registered members (including The Master) attended the Meeting: Penyo Kirov, Todor Stoyanov, Petko Goumnerov, Dimitar Golov, Ilia Stoichev (from Rousse), Todor Bachvarov (from Sofia), Gina Goumnerova, Maria Kazakova and Anastasia Dr. Zhelezkova. A new member, Mihalaki Georgiev from Sofia, was admitted.

 

From 1906 to 1915, Dimitar Golov and Petko Goumnerov took detailed minutes of the Meetings. These minutes were preserved to date.

 

On August 15, 1907 (according to the Julian calendar), the annual Meeting of the Chain was held in Varna. According to the minutes, present were: Todor Bachvarov, Dimitar Golov, Mihalaki Georgiev, Petko Goumnerov, Penyo Kirov, Konstantin Ilarionov, Anastasia Dr. Zhelezkova, Maria Kazakova, Atanas Boinov (from Veliko Turnovo), Elena Ilarionova, Ilia Stoichev, Todor Stoyanov (Stoimenov) and Gina Goumnerova.

 

On August 9, 1908 (according to the Julian calendar), the annual Meeting of the Chain was held in Varna. According to the minutes, present were: Atanas Boinov, Gina Goumnerova, Dimitar Golov, Ilia Stoichev, Elena Ilarionova, Konstantin Ilarionov, Maria Kazakova, Mihalaki Georgiev, Penyo Kirov, Petko Goumnerov, Todor Stoyanov (Stoimenov) and Anastasia Dr. Zhelezkova.

 

On November 25, 1908 (according to the Julian calendar), Maria Kazakova came to the end of her days on earth.

 

On August 16, 1909 (according to the Julian calendar), the annual Meeting of the Chain was held in Varna. According to the minutes, present were: Dimitar Golov, Petko Epitropov (from Plovdiv), Todor Bachvarov, Todor Stoyanov (Stoimenov), Ilia Stoichev, Kancho Stoichev (from Bourgas), Konstantin Ilarionov, Petko Goumnerov, Ivan Doinov (from Veliko Turnovo), Atanas Boinov, Gina Goumnerova, Elena Ilarionova, Velichka Stoicheva (from Bourgas), Denyo Tsanev (from Bourgas), Nikola Yanev (from Bourgas), Penyo Kirov, Vassil Ouzounov (from Shoumen), Mihalaki Georgiev, Milkon Partomian, Petar Tihchev (from Rousse), Nikola Vatev (from Rousse), Serafim Shivarov (from Varna), Sava Velikov (from Varna) and Anastasia Dr. Zhelezkova.

 

On August 16, 1909 (according to the Julian calendar), The Master presented the stick and the sword to the participants of the annual meting as symbols of the Chain. He also explained their ultimate meaning.

 

On August 14, 1910 (according to the Julian calendar), the annual Meeting of the Chain was held in the cottage of Atanas Boinov near Veliko Turnovo. According to the minutes, present were: from Sofia - Todor Bachvarov, Dimitar Golov, Petko Goumnerov, Gina Goumnerova, Penka Bachvarova, Velichko Grablashev, Mihalaki Georgiev, Ivan Tachev, Spas Dimitrov; from Veliko Turnovo - Konstantin Ilarionov, Elena Ilarionova, Ivan Doinov, Maria Doinova, Atanas Boinov, Parashkeva Boinova, Dragan Popov, Zdravka Popova; from Rousse - Nikola Vatev, Velichka Vateva, Petar Tihchev; from Bourgas - Nikola Yanev, Kancho Stoichev, Velichka Stoicheva, Denyo Tsanev, Todor Stoimenov, Penyo Kirov; from Plovdiv - Petko Epitropov and from Shoumen - Vassil Ouzounov.

 

On August 10, 1911 (according to the Julian calendar), the annual meeting of the Chain was held in the cottages of Atanas Boinov and Todor Bostandjiev near Veliko Turnovo. According to the minutes, present were: from Sofia - Dimitar Golov, Petko Goumnerov, Mihalaki Georgiev, Spas Dimitrov and Gina Goumnerova; from Veliko Turnovo - Atanas Boinov, Dragan Popov, Konstantin Ilarionov, Ivan Doinov, Elena Ilarionova, Maria Doinova, Parashkeva Boinova, Zdravka Popova; from Rousse - Nikola Vatev, Ilia Stoichev, Ivan Roussev, Petar Tihchev, Velichka Vateva; from Bourgas - Ilia Zourkov, Matei Popov, Sotir Sterev, Alexandar Krastnikov, Penyo Kirov, Kancho Stoichev, Todor Stoimenov, Nikola Yanev, Denyo Tsanev, Velichka Stoicheva; from Plovdiv - Petko Epitropov; from Kazanlak - Dr. Stoyan Doukov and Hristo Tonchev; from the village of Bebrovo - Simeon Draganov.

 

On August 15, 1911 (according to the Julian calendar), The Master presented drawings of the Pentagram to the participants of the annual Meeting of the Chain. He also explained The Pentagram's symbolic meaning.

On October 27, 1911 (according to the Julian calendar), The Master and the cashier of the White Brotherhood, Konstantin Ilarionov, bought a house in the village of Arbanassi, in the district of Veliko Turnovo.

 

In June 1912, The Master went to Arbanassi where he worked on the Bible for two months compiling 'The Testament of the Colored Light Rays'. In September, the book was published by Dimitar Golov in Sofia. The Master personally presented autographed copies of the book to all the leaders of the White Brotherhood in the villages throughout Bulgaria. The Master wrote his motto on the title page: 'I will always be a devoted servant to Jesus Christ, Son of God. Turnovo, August 15, 1912.' In 1995, Universe Publishing House published the English translation of 'The Testament of the Colored Light Rays".

 

On August 15, 1912 (according to the Julian calendar), the annual Meeting of the Chain was held in the cottages of Atanas Boinov and Todor Bostandjiev near Veliko Turnovo. According to the minutes, present were: from Sofia - Todor Bachvarov, Dimitar Golov, Soussana Golova, Petko Goumnerov, Gina Goumnerova, Mihalaki Georgiev, Magdalina Georgieva, Spas Dimitrov, Velichko Grablashev, Jordan Ivanov, Elena Ivanova, Maria Nedialkova, Nadezhda Bachvarova, Matei Popov, Georgi Davidov; from Bourgas - Penyo Kirov, Todor Stoimenov, Denyo Tsanev, Minka Tsaneva, Nikola Yanev, Kancho Stoichev, Velichka Stoicheva, Ilia Zourkov, Neicho Paskalev, Jordanka Paskaleva, Ivan Garavalov, Maria Garavalova; from Veliko Turnovo - Konstantin Ilarionov, Elena Ilarionova, Ivan Doinov, Maria Doinova, Atanas Boinov, Paraskeva Boinova, Dragan Popov, Zdravka Popova; from Rousse - Ilia Stoichev, Anka Stoicheva, Petar Tihchev, Nikola Vatev, Velichka Vateva, Ivan Roussev; from Varna - Sotir Sterev, Sava Velikov; from Shoumen - Tsani Bouzdouganov; from Aitos - Georgi Kourtev; from Yambol - Todor Abadjiev, Radi Djulgerov; from Sliven - Dimitar Dobrev; from Kazanlak - Dr. Hristo Doukov, Slavka Doukova, Zahari Zhelev, Nikola Kambourov, Vladimir Baltov, Hristo Tonchev; from Panagjuriste - Boyan Boev; from Plovdiv - Petko Epitropov, Maria Epitropova, Nenko Tlustev, Dechko Milev; from Stara Zagora - Panaiot Kovachev; from the village of Kruvenik - Stefan Toshev; from the village of Bebrovo - Simeon Draganov.

 

On August 15 and 16, 1912 (according to the Julian calendar), The Master read selected chapters of 'The Testament of the Colored Light Rays' to the participants in the annual Meeting of the Chain and instructed them about some guiding principles in working on Bible texts from the colors of the light perspective.

1912 to 1918 was a period of war in the history of Bulgaria and Europe. Most of the Chain members took part in the Balkan War (1912-1913) and in the Second Balkan War (1913). Under the instructions of The Master, they all have sewed their own military uniforms (The Good Prayer and Psalm 91).

 

On November 11, 1912 (according to the Julian calendar), The Master, using the mediation of Maria Stoyanova, a favored maidservant in the court of tzaritza Maria Louisa, advised the Bulgarian tzar Ferdinand to sign a peace treaty with Turkey and to refrain from attacking his allies.

 

In 1913, The Master lived with the Goumnerov family in Sofia and visited Varna, Shoumen, and Veliko Turnovo.

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